schematic transit map

PROJECT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

This project is pointing out the need and necessity of sustainable transport system and how it can be accessed by the public. The whole project is done on the perception that none of the big cities can afford for 18 year olds or older people to move freely on the road using individual vehicles. That is why the sustainable transport system has become more important. The project is based on the actual problems of road transportation and how to encourage the public to travel by public transportation using information design.

NEED, PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF DESIGN
Challenges facing urban transport in India

The rapid growth of urban areas has put a strong demand for upgradation and augmentation of urban transport systems. In the near future, urban transport will become a major concern in all large cities in India. Congestion, accidents, pollution and road decay will inevitably Increase.

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Source: Urban Transport in India: Issues, Challenges, and the Way Forward

Vehicular growth and availability of transport infrastructure

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Combination of Indian registered motor vehicle (in Percentage)
Source: Road transport year book 2007-09

Effects on mobility

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Anticipated average journey speed (kmph) on major corridors
Source: Achieving sustainable transportation system for Indian cities – problems and issues

Effects on safety

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Road fatality trends of India
Source: Achieving sustainable transportation system for Indian cities – problems and issues

Effects on environment and health

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Sector-wise carbon emissions
Source: Achieving sustainable transportation system for Indian cities – problems and issues

“A developed country is not a place where the poor
have cars. It’s where the rich use public transportation.”
Petrogustavo Mayor of Bogota

EXISTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS OF AMTS

AMTS already has variety of public transport information system for passengers like SMS, Call center, website, and they installed passenger information system in major bus terminus. But unfortunately public doesn’t get the advantages of this facilities. May be because it not sufficient or public is not aware of it. It never helps the person who new to the city. It would only help the persons who are familiar with the place. The web site does not provide any information about the exact bus routes and connection bus routes. Unfortunately services like sms and call center does not work these days.

EXISTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS OF AMTS

AMTS already has variety of public transport information system for passengers like SMS, Call center, website, and they installed passenger information system in major bus terminus. But unfortunately public doesn’t get the advantages of this facilities. May be because it not sufficient or public is not aware of it. It never helps the person who new to the city. It would only help the persons who are familiar with the place. The web site does not provide any information about the exact bus routes and connection bus routes. Unfortunately services like sms and call center does not work these days. Most of the information written in Gujarathi language. If the person doesn’t know the Gujarathi language it would be difficult to find the right bus.

PROPOSED MODEL OF INFORMATION SYSTEM

This model of information system is linked with each other. It helps to provide the real time information to public for accessing the right buses, routes and its timing. User can get the information by using any of these facilities. All buses are connected with GPS tracking and it linked with SMS, internet, call center and bus stops. So that the user can get the real time information.

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TARGET AUDIENCE

The target audience chosen for this project was students and staff of NID Paldi, Ahmedabad campus. Because most students at NID are new to Ahmedabad city and they don’t know the bus numbers, bus routes and its timing.

AMTS provides the service almost every corner in the city rather than BRTS and GSRTC. In the same time they have the poorest information system compared to BRTS. GSRTC provide only a inter-city state operations. So it was AMTS that can provide better service to NID students if they could provide proper information of the bus routes and timings so that the students could use the public transport.

WHY MAP

According to research and survey found that students willing to traveled by bus. Its because of lack of information they have been pulled back from traveling by bus. Students also have to know about the basic land scape of the city. Being a new citizen students have to travel various places depending of their needs. So the information should include not only the AMTS bus rout but also about the key information about the city.

A map can easily provide all information in a single view. Other key points are • Easy to access • Simplicity • Informative • Collective information • No need of Internet, electricity • Understandability • Serves the need • Easy to carry • Fundamental approach • Basic tool for technological upgradation.

CASE STUDY

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Schematic map of the regional public transport of Zurich, Switzerland

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Bus network of Porto, Portugal

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The subway map of Madrid

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The London Underground Tube Map

DATA COLLECTION

ATMS Jamalpur provided the data for the project. There are almost 800 buses running through 180 routes. It was a huge task to categorise the data and figure out the bus routes. Because all the data was in Gujrathi. First translated everything in to English with the help of friends. Then figured out each bus route using traveled by buses with the help of AMTS data, Ahmedabad road maps and google maps. Other data like ‘material and service’ collected from faculties, students and staffs from the college.

MAP DESIGN PROCESS

The data collected was used to make the map. During the process it was found that it was not sufficient data since it didn’t give a clear picture about the bus route. For that it was required to travel in the various buses to find the routes. The various stages of the map making process are shown throughout this chapter.

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More than 160 bus routes were figured out using the data provided by the AMTS Jamalpur office, Ahmedabad and travelling along with buses also helping to find out the AMTS coverage area and main roads.

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This is the line diagram of AMTS bus routes which service in the city.

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The bus routes were separated into two lines, Orange line indicating the bus routes which pass through the Paldi and NID. Blue line indicating the bus route which does not pass through the Paldi

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Simplified map with rivers, lakes and railway line.

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The bus routes that pass through Paldi and NID were chosen. Each route was shown separately avoiding negative space created between the bus routes on same routes, since it might create confusion to the user. Hence , the bus routes were arranged by changing the orientation. Each route was given a unique colour so the user can identify the routes easily.

 

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After arranging the bus routes, the sharp corners were smoothened as round corners are more effective for maps and diagrams, because they allow the eyes to easily navigate through these lines and it better suits to the natural movement of the head and eyes respectively.

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USER STUDY

Observation was done with the users to know how they responded with the map foldings and how they find out the place in the map. It is a double sided printed map. The map is designed in such a way that it opens in three steps and the zigzag folding reduces the chance of tearing. Some specific information is added on the front and the backside of the map, and is visible once it is folded. So the user can easily access information without opening the whole map. However, the user needs to be able to fold back the map properly once he or she has opened it.

A user observation was done to see how they folded the map. Two maps printed on two materials, one on thin paper and the other on stronger, synthetic paper were given to the users. With the thin paper the users opened the map easily but had some problems in folding it back properly and hence in this process the map was torn. Then the synthetic thick paper map was given to the users which most of them folded back properly. The thin paper map could be folded in any way, which leads to wear and tear, while the synthetic paper map had a tendency to fold back in the same direction because of its thickness and stiffness. From this observation it was found that the material itself guides the user to fold it back in the desired manner.

MAP TITLE

After trying some explorations it was decided to give an unusual treatment for the title of the map different and interesting instead of saying directly “AMTS bus route map”. It was also required that the title and visual elements in the map should represent the place and purpose of the map. Chabutra’s pictorial mark was used as a map identity. Chabutras can be seen every where in Ahmedabad. In English it can vaguely be defined as “Pigeon-Tower” or “Pigeon-hole-tower”. Actually, Chabutaro is a word of Gujarati language. The word ‘fly with us’ was used as a title for the map. It suits the pictorial mark. Pigeons tells the users “fly with us”. Using the map users can easily travel through the city.

COLOUR

Various colours used in this map. Some colours have a relationship to the feature on the ground. Blue colour is used to show river and lake. Green for garden and gray for roads. Unique colour is used for each bus route. To avoid confusion the selection of bus route colour is very important. Because there are twenty one bus routes showed in this map with twenty one unique colours. However the colours need to be carefully selected so they can be clearly distinguished from each other.

Typography

FF Transit is a highly legible font that works well for readers who may need quick orientation while en route. It was originally designed by MetaDesign in Berlin for the official use of the Berlin Public Transportation Services (BVG) and Düsseldorf Airport, but will now be available commercially all over the world. Designed to blend aesthetic quality with legibility.

The FF Transit fonts are based on the Frutiger family (licensed from Linotype-Hell). Meta Design pared the font design down and extended the family by creating a new set of matching italic fonts. In addition, they altered the widths and spacing of each font to enhance their functionality in different situations.

GRID, FOLDING & SIZE

A map having vertical and horizontal reference lines (grid) to facilitate locating a specific point. Grid and folds are used in the same way in this map. The map foldings would creates vertical and horizontal marks on the paper. I took this as an advantage. The map is designed in such a way that this folding marks creates the grid of the map. So it helps to avoing more lines in the map. This would help reduce the confusion.

The map is designed in A2 size. When it is folded it become 5.8”X4.1”. The folded map would fit in to the pocket. This would increase the convenience of the user.

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